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Golden Eagle

Black-Necked Crane

Bar-Headed Goose

Magpie

Chukar Partridge

Snowcock

Eagle Owl



Ladakh has a great diversity of birds, both resident and migratory birds. Some 225 different species of birds have been recorded in Ladakh. In the mountains one can see Chukor Partridge, Kestrel, Lammergeyer, Himalayan griffin vultures and also the occasional golden eagle. Of the migratory birds the black-necked is one of the rarest species found in the Changthang Lakes. Other birds include the Bar –headed Goose, Tibetan Snowcock , Brahminy Duck etc....

Common Name : Golden Eagle
This is a large eagle with long and broad wings. Tail is long with distinctly protruding head and neck. When soaring, wings are clearly raised and pressed forward in pronounced V shape. Juvenile is very distinct with a white tail base and white patch at base of flight feathers.

Habitat
High rugged mountains, usually well above the treeline.

Distribution in Ladakh
The bird can be sighted in Leh, Changthang, Nubra, Zanskar, Dras and Suru valleys.

Genaral Distrubution
Resident of mainly North Baluchistan, Pakistan and the Himalayas from North Pakistan east to Arunachal Pradesh.

Scientific Name : Aquila Chrysaetos
Local Name : Laknak, Nele, Gyab-Lak
Size : Body length 88 cm

Common Name : Black-Necked Crane
Black-necked Crane is a tall bird with a height of about 135 cm and a wingspan of about 62 – 64 cm. Both the sexes are almost of the same size but male is slightly bigger than the female. The upper long neck, head, primary and secondary flight feathers, and tail are completely black and body plumage is pale grey/ whitish. A conspicuous red crown adorns the head. The bill is greenish and the legs and feet are black. The juveniles have a brownish head and neck and plumage is slightly paler than that of adult.

Habitat :
High altitude marshes are the most common wetland types where the bird breeds. These wetlands with small mounds provide an excellent habitat to the birds for breeding. The marshes range from 4000 to 4800 m. above sea level. Rice and potato fields are the excellent wintering habitat for the species.

Distribution in Ladakh
The bird can be sighted in the wetlands in eastern Ladakh. Typical areas of encounter are Tsokar, Puga, Staklung, Hanle, Chushul and some other wetlands.

Genaral Distrubution
The high altitude marshes and lakes of Tibetan Plateau (Tibet, Qinghai, Xinjiang, Gansu), Sichen (China), and eastern Ladakh (India) are the known breeding grounds of Black-necked Crane. The species is a winter visitor in China and Bhutan. In western Arunachal Pradesh in India, it winters regularly in small number at Santi valley.

Scientific Name : Grus Nigricollis
Local Name : Cha Thung Thung Karmo
Size : Body length 135 cm

Common Name : Bar-Headed Goose
Both the sexes are alike. This is an asting-grey, white and brown goose. The head of adult is white with two black bars. One bar is across the sinciput from eye to eye and the other is shorter below on the nape. The neck is brown with a white stripe on each side. The legs and bill are yellow-orange and the tip of the bill is black. At rest, wings extend beyond tail. In flight, wing-coverts and belly look grey with flight–feathers black. Juvenile is like adult but is paler and without black bars on head.

Habitat
The bird breeds on high altitude freshwater as well as saline lakes. It also breeds in marshes and rivers in high altitude areas. It is a nocturnal feeder in grasslands near wetlands and riverbanks. Sometimes it also feeds in the agricultural fi elds especially of wheat and barley.

Distribution in Ladakh
During summer season the bird can be easily sighted at Tsokar, Tsomoriri, Hanle, Chushul and along Upper Indus Basin.

Genaral Distrubution
The bird breeds in the uplands of Central Asia. In India it breeds in high altitude wetlands in Changthang region of Ladakh. The bird mainly moves to low-lying areas of India in non-breeding period. Within the state of Jammu and Kashmir major wintering fl ocks are found in Gharana wetland in Jammu and Hokersar wetland in Kashmir region.

Scientific Name : Anser Indicus
Local Name: Nangpa
Size : Body length 71-76 cm

Common Name : Magpie
Body is mainly black with white flanks and belly. Has a metallic blue-black wing, with long tail. Juvenile resembles adult, but has greyish-black head and breast.

Habitat
Open cultivated upland valleys around villages with orchards and also in scrub forests.

Distribution in Ladakh
The bird can be sighted around Leh, Nubra and some areas in eastern Ladakh.

Genaral Distrubution
Resident with little altitudinal movement. Is found in West and North Pakistan, Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh and Bhutan.

Scientific Name : Pica Pica
Local Name: Katang-putit
Size : Body length 50 cm

Common Name : Chukar Partridge
It has a light grayish-brown back and wings and a white belly. Its head, chest and rear are gray and it has white cheeks and a white throat surrounded by a black band. It has black stripes on its sides and a black band across its forehead. Its bill, eyelids, feet and legs are pink to dark red. Males and females look alike.

Habitat :
A terrestrial bird, the chukar prefers dry and arid habitats characterized by stony slopes, short grass and shrubs, often situated near cultivation .The chukar is commonly found at 3,000 to 4,500 metres above sea level, descending from higher altitudes in winter.

Distribution in Ladakh
In Ladakh, the bird can be spotted in Rumtse, Gya, Miru, Igoo, Nang, Stakmo, Horzey, Phyang, Nimo, Ney, Chilling, Sumda, Kanji and in some villages of Kargil.

Genaral Distrubution
The chukar has an extremely large native range, spanning countries from Eastern Europe to China, Russia and Africa. Furthermore, it has been introduced to many other areas, including the United States, Canada, New Zealand and elsewhere within Europe.

Scientific Name : Alectoris Chukar
Local Name : Rakhpa/Strakpa
Size : Body length 32–35 cm

Common Name : Eagle Owl
A very large owl with bold dark brown streaking. Ear tufts are prominent, eyes are orange and legs are fully feathered. Bill is brown in colour.

Habitat :  
Mainly nocturnal, roosting by day in a rocky cliff or among ruins. Usually perches on a prominent rock well before sunset and again after sunrise.

Distribution in Ladakh
It can be sighted in Tangtse, Hanle, Fukche and Nubra.

Genaral Distrubution
Resident bird and is found throughout much of the Indian Subcontinent, except parts of North West and North East.

Scientific Name : Bubo Bubo
Local Name : Ugpa
Size : Body length 56 cm


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